What Vegetables Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs Eat? 16 options reviewed


Vegetables can help in giving pygmy hedgehogs a varied diet, providing an important way to provide additional nutrients. We looked at introducing vegetables into our pygmy hedgehogs diet.

What vegetables can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat? African Pygmy Hedgehogs can eat vegetables like broccoli, cucumber, lettuce, leafy greens, asparagus, pumpkin, bell peppers to even carrots, with many vegetables requiring cooking to make them easier for hedgehogs to eat and to stop any choking risk from hard vegetable pieces.

Any vegetable should be verified by a vet as being suitable and we have only introduced different vegetables after having a conversation with our local vet. Here is a list of 16 vegetables reviewed for African Pygmy Hedgehogs:

1. Carrots

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Carrots? We used to give our pygmy hedgehog carrots to eat very occasionally taking care in ensuring it was digestible for him. Raw carrots are pretty hard to chew even for us humans, so when we served our hedgehog carrots, we would steam them first without any oils or butter, and then cut them down into very small pieces. Once they had cooled down, we would give them to our hedgehog.

Carrots

We would give him carrots when he was up in the early evening, mainly because we like to see him eat as reassurance that he’s eating safely and we’re at hand if there are any problems. 

We’ve stopped feeding our hedgehog carrots, as there is a school of thought of carrots not being good for hedgehogs as they may cause indigestion due to their starchiness. We didn’t have any issues but to play it safe, we thought it would be appropriate to cut carrots out of this diet.

There was also a question of whether the vitamin A in carrots could build up in our hedgehog’s system and become toxic but by stopping feeding him carrots this has become one less thing to worry about.

2. Courgettes

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Courgettes? We have yet to give our pygmy hedgehog courgettes to eat but many owners on forums have stated they do. If you are going to give your hedgehog courgettes, make sure they have been cooked to make them easier to digest.

Courgette

Any cooked courgettes would need to be cooled down first before serving, ideally be at room temperature.

3. Peppers

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Peppers? We have only given a very small amount of bell pepper to our pygmy hedgehog to eat, it’s not part of his regular diet. On the whole, many pygmy hedgehog owners have attested to peppers being safe for their pygmy hedgehogs.

Peppers

The sweetness of peppers if off-putting as this could mean sugars and regularly eating foods with sugars does have its consequences in obesity and diabetes.

4. Leafy Greens

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Leafy Greens? Leafy greens are a good choice for pygmy hedgehogs to eat. Leafy green varieties such as spinach, kale, lettuce, cabbage and watercress are known provide some nutrients safely to pygmy hedgehogs. Make sure leafy greens are washed thoroughly before serving.

Leafy Greens

Many blogs and forums about pygmy hedgehogs talk about the following leafy greens being suitable:

  • Arugula; 
  • Swiss Chard;
  • Bok Choi;
  • Dandelions (not wild from a garden);
  • Collard Greens;
  • Micro Greens;
  • Kale; and
  • Spinach.

As with any vegetable, it’s essential you wash them first, to remove anything dangerous to hedgehogs including parasites, pesticides and other toxins.

It’s important to understand the vitamins and nutrients may be good for hedgehogs but too much of the leafy greens can lead to bone issues as the oxalates produced can combine with calcium and stop calcium from being deposited in the bone and instead of being excreted out of the hedgehog. 

We have occasionally given our hedgehog cooked spinach but with its high concentration of Vitamin A and iron, we do limit this to very few occasions a year. 

5. Broccoli

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Broccoli? Broccoli is a good choice for pygmy hedgehogs to eat. We haven’t fed our hedgehog broccoli but the general consensus is broccoli is a safe food as long as it’s fed in moderation and is cooked without oils, butter or seasoning.

Broccoli

It’s vital too to make sure the broccoli is diced into smaller digestible pieces to avoid any choking hazard.

6. Cucumber

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Cucumber? Cucumber is good for pygmy hedgehogs to eat, as it provides nutrients and hydrates due to its high water content. The skin can be peeled and the cucumber cut into smaller pieces to ensure safe feeding. We haven’t fed our hedgehog cucumber but the general consensus is cucumbers are a safe food.

Cucumber

Most of a cucumbers content is water so as long as the cucumbers aren’t seasoned they should be fine for hedgehogs in moderation.

7. Kale

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Kale? Kale can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs but care is needed not only in its preparation but also how it’s sourced. We only source fresh Kale leaves and make sure they are washed thoroughly before we steam it, to make sure any parasites, insects and pesticide residue has been removed.

Kale contains oxalates which can combine with calcium to reduce calcium uptake in the hedgehog’s body, leading to the vital calcium for bones being expelled out in their urine and poop.

Kale

Regular feeding of Kale could also increase Vitamin A and iron residue in the hedgehog’s body leading to health issues so it’s best to give in moderation on rare occasions.

8. Zucchini

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Zucchini? Zucchini is probably another safe choice for pygmy hedgehogs to eat. We haven’t given any zucchini (courgettes) to our pygmy hedgehog but many owners on forums have stated they do. If you are going to give your hedgehog zucchini, make sure it’s been cooked without any oils, butter or seasoning, to make it easier to digest.

Any cooked zucchini would need to be cooled down first before serving, ideally be at room temperature.

9. Green Beans

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Green Beans? Green beans are also believed to be safe for pygmy hedgehogs to eat. We haven’t given our pygmy hedgehog green beans but many owners on forums have stated they do. If you are going to give your hedgehog green beans, make sure they have been cooked without seasoning, oils or butter, to make them easier to digest.

Green Beans

Any cooked green beans would need to be cooled down first before serving, ideally be at room temperature. 

10. Squash

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Butternut Squash? Butternut squash is also believed to be safe for pygmy hedgehogs to eat. We haven’t given our pygmy hedgehog butternut squash but generally, it’s assumed this is a safe food in moderation. Squash should be cooked without any oils, seasoning and butter in a way that it’s easier to eat and digest for hedgehogs such as steaming or even boiling. 

Butternut Squash

11. Spinach

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Spinach? Spinach can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs but care is needed not only in its preparation but also how it’s sourced. We only source fresh spinach leaves and avoid any of the tinned or frozen spinach.

The latter frozen spinach is probably fresher as it’s been frozen as soon as it’s been cultivated but having to defrost it so it can be washed or cooked from frozen then washed is more effort than it’s worth. 

Spinach

The washing is vital for any spinach to make sure there are no nasties lurking between the leaves like mites or other parasites.

When we do give our hedgehog fresh spinach that’s been cooked, cooled and cut down into smaller pieces, we make sure it’s served without any additional seasoning, oils or butter.

Spinach not only contains vitamins and iron but also oxalates which can combine with calcium to reduce calcium uptake in the hedgehog’s body, leading to the vital calcium for bones being expelled out in their urine and poop.

12. Lettuce

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Lettuce? Lettuce can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs as long as it’s the Romaine variety. Our vet said that Iceberg (crisphead) lettuce was a poor choice due to its higher water content and resulting in lower nutritional value. Romaine lettuce is something we are considering introducing to our hedgehog.

Romaine Lettuce

Like with any lettuce, it’s vitally important to wash it first thoroughly to get rid of any insects, pesticide residues and any other nasties.

13. Cabbage

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Cabbage? Cabbage can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs and is recommended by many pygmy hedgehog owners as a safe food. It can be cooked without any oils, seasoning or butter making it safer to pygmy hedgehogs to eat.

We haven’t fed our hedgehog any cooked cabbage but if we did, we would wash it thoroughly then grate it into smaller pieces before steaming and giving to our hedgehog.

Cabbage

14. Swedes

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Swedes? Swedes can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs and provide a high source of vitamin C. Swedes can be grated then steamed to provide an occasional snack for pygmy hedgehogs or mashed to provide an easy to eat a snack.

We haven’t given our hedgehog swedes but other owners we’ve met have confessed to giving this to their hedgehogs without any problems.

Swede
Swede

15. Asparagus

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Asparagus? Asparagus can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs and is looked upon favourably by many pygmy hedgehog owners. As long as it’s cooked without any addition of oils, seasoning or butter, ideally steamed (could also be boiled) and served in smaller pieces, in moderation at least, asparagus should be fine.

Asparagus

16. Pumpkin

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Pumpkin? Pumpkin can be eaten by pygmy hedgehogs. By steaming pumpkins without anything else like seasoning, butter or oils makes it easier for pygmy hedgehogs to eat but do make sure they have cooled down to room temperatures before giving them to your hedgehog.

Pumpkins are not something we have given our hedgehog but the general consensus seems to be they are safe.

Pumpkin

I would also consider giving pumpkin during supervised sessions as the pumpkin can lose its freshness quite quickly becoming mouldy. 

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Sweet Potatoes?

We avoid Sweet potatoes as they are not only high in carbohydrates but also high in vitamin A, with the latter requiring careful monitoring as an increasing intake on a regular basis can become toxic and damage the liver.

Sweet potatoes are dangerous

We don’t feed our hedgehog sweet potatoes as we don’t really see any nutritional value from this type of vegetable.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Peas?

African Pygmy hedgehogs must not eat peas as they are thought to be dangerous to their health. Peas can upset the calcium phosphorous balance, because of the higher amounts phosphorous they contain.

Peas can be dangerous

Too much phosphorous results in loss of calcium in the hedgehog’s body and can result in painful bone damage. 

Watch out for peas added to pygmy hedgehog food, I noticed some varieties of dry cat biscuits contain peas. As dry cat biscuits are the main stay of a pygmy hedgehogs, this potentially could introduce a lot of phosphorous into their body and cause more calcium to leech out of their bones and teeth, damaging them in the process.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Corn?

African Pygmy hedgehogs cannot eat corn, as corn is quite a hard vegetable and even when it’s cooked, it’s still quite tough. This toughness makes it difficult choice for hedgehogs to chew and digest, leading to digestive problems like indigestion. 

Corn can be dangerous

Corn has a higher phosphorous concentration, allowing for leaching of calcium out of a hedgehog’s body resulting in bone damage when corn is ingested on a regular basis. 

Corn also has a high carbohydrate concentration and this can lead to spiking the hedgehog blood sugar levels as well as aiding obesity. As pygmy hedgehogs can be prone to diabetes, I think it’s wise to stay away from this high carbohydrate food. 

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Popcorn?

Unsalted, unsweetened popcorn without butter or other seasonings could be acceptable for pygmy hedgehogs to eat but it’s a high carbohydrate food so it should be severely limited in servings to hedgehogs as too much makes this junk food dangerous to a hedgehogs well-being. 

Popcorn

If you decide to occasionally serve this to your hedgehog make absolutely sure there’s no unpopped corn and any kernels/hulls have been removed. 

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Onions?

African Pygmy hdgehogs cannot eat onions as onions can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage. It’s imperative to avoid onions and seek urgent medical veterinarian advice should your hedgehog accidentally eat onions.

Onions are dangerous

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Grass?

No, absolutely not. I’ve never heard of grass being fed to pygmy hedgehogs and I think this is because it’s not part of their natural diet as they are generally looked upon as insectivores.

Grass

Grass is also troubling in that it can contain pesticides and fertiliser both of which are not good for hedgehogs and can not only cause digestive issues but also could be fatal.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Celery?

African Pygmy hedgehogs cannot eat celery, as celery has a high sodium content leading to higher salt content, which isn’t probably good for hedgehogs. Celery also could cause digestive irritation and lead to other serious health problems.

Celery is dangerous

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Garlic? 

African Pygmy hedgehogs cannot eat garlic, as Garlic like onions can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage. It’s imperative to avoid garlic and seek urgent medical veterinarian advice should your hedgehog accidentally eat garlic.

Garlic is dangerous

Remember what’s good for us humans might not necessarily be good for hedgehogs and in some cases be actually toxic.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Potatoes?

African Pygmy hedgehogs can eat potatoes but potatoes are highly calorific and don’t particularly have any nutritional value for hedgehogs. Regularly giving a pygmy hedgehog potatoes could lead to them putting on weight and become obese.

Some owners have professed to feed their hedgehog’s mashed potato but this can be doubly problematic as not only is there a high carbohydrate content but other ingredients such as milk could be used. I think the high calories from the potatoes carbohydrate content could lead to obesity if fed on a regular basis.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Mushrooms?

African Pygmy hedgehogs could probably eat some types of mushrooms but not enough information is available about eating mushrooms and how they affect the health of pygmy hedgehogs, including which type of mushroom is safe.  My advice would be to steer clear of mushrooms and be safe than sorry.

Mushrooms can be dangerous

Some people may argue hedgehogs do eat mushrooms in the wild but this may be the case for non-African Pygmy hedgehogs but for African Pygmy hedgehogs we don’t know how well they have evolved to eat mushrooms. Feeding wild mushrooms may be an extremely dangerous option as well, as these wild mushrooms may have additional dangerous toxins.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat Tomatoes? 

African Pygmy hedgehogs cannot eat tomatoes, are they are quite acidic and may cause digestive issues. This is the main reason why many owners believe tomatoes to be a bad choice for pygmy hedgehogs.

Tomatoes are dangerous

Tomatoes are not really a vegetable but actually more of a fruit. Many owners have stated tomatoes are bad and avoid them. Which is totally understandable as like citrus fruits tomatoes exhibit some of the same characteristics like acidity.

Other vegetables

Other vegetables I have looked at but have found no information about the safety of hedgehog’s eating these include: 

  • Beetroot;
  • Leeks;
  • Turnip; and
  • Egg Plant (Aubergine).

So my advice is it’s best to avoid these as not enough information about these vegetables is known in the community.

Watch out for hidden vegetables

Vegetables can be hidden in pygmy hedgehog food such as dry cat biscuits, so it’s vitally important to make sure any vegetables added to food is safe for hedgehogs and to appreciate any vegetables deemed safe concentrations are observed. 

Appreciating the concentration of vegetables in food is important as you do not want to overload the hedgehog’s diet with a particular vegetable which in low concentrations is safe but in high concentrations can become problematic and dangerous to the hedgehog’s well-being.

Starchy or non-starchy vegetables?

Starchy vegetables like carrots contain more carbohydrate than non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, this means eating these starchy vegetables regularly could result in an increase in blood sugar levels.

This can be worrying in pygmy hedgehogs as they are prone to diabetes, so starchy vegetables should only be given as treats compared to non-starchy vegetables which can be given more regularly.

African Pygmy Hedgehogs Good vegetable list

I’ve created a vegetable list of what could be given pygmy hedgehogs, with the vegetables listed not having caused any issues that I have heard or read about.

It’s important to understand what is good for other pygmy hedgehogs may not be good for yours, so when you do introduce any new vegetable or food item, you should do it under the supervision and make absolutely sure it isn’t detrimental to the hedgehog’s health.

For example, if you give your hedgehog small pieces of a vegetable and notice their poop isn’t dried out solid pieces later on but is more diarrhoea like then remove the vegetable in question and do not introduce anything else that’s different from their usual diet until their diarrhoea has stopped and medical advice from a vet has been sought. 

Remember to also take precautions against any choking hazard by trying to cut the vegetable into smaller digestible pieces. Try using organic vegetables, washing the vegetables in just water and if the vegetable requires cooking, then cook it without any oils, butter or seasoning before giving it to hedgehogs.

  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Romaine Lettuce
  • Cucumber
  • Courgettes (Zucchini)
  • Swedes

African Pygmy Hedgehogs Bad vegetable list

I’ve created a vegetable list of what we won’t give our hedgehog, with the vegetables listed being what we think is toxic and damaging to the health of not only our hedgehog but any hedgehog.

It’s not a definitive list, there are other vegetables and the concentration of what is deemed as ‘safe’ vegetables also require consideration. 

It is highly advisable to seek the advice of your pet’s vet to make sure any vegetable you are thinking of giving your hedgehog is safe. 

  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Tomatoes
  • Mushrooms
  • Grass
  • Celery

High pesticide vegetables

Every year the Environmental Working Group (EWG)[1] releases a list of the fruits and vegetables with the most pesticides. I’ve listed some of the vegetables suitable for pygmy hedgehogs in the order they appear on the EWG list below:

  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Sweet Bell Peppers
  • Lettuce
  • Cucumbers
  • Green Beans

It’s important to try to source organic varieties of these vegetables as the pesticide content should be lower. Whilst washing or peeling might not necessarily get rid of all the pesticides, this may help in reducing the level of pesticides.

Low pesticide vegetables

The Environmental Working Group (EWG)[2] also produce a list of what it considers lower pesticide fruit and vegetables. I’ve listed some of the vegetables suitable for pygmy hedgehogs in the order they appear on the EWG list below:

  • Asparagus
  • Cabbages
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli

Again it’s still wise to try and source an organic variety of these vegetables and wash them thoroughly before serving them.

Conclusion

My daughter spent a lot of time researching what vegetables were good for hedgehogs to eat and what vegetables could be problematic, leading to health issues.

Carrots, cucumber and broccoli are some of the types of vegetables we have given our hedgehog. Other owners also give their hedgehogs leafy greens, peas and green peppers. We take care to make sure the vegetables are served in a safe way.

Related Questions

What fruit can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat? Apples, pears, bananas, blueberries, strawberries and watermelon are some of the types of fruit we have given our hedgehog. We take care to make sure the fruit is served in a safe way.

What foods are safe for African Pygmy Hedgehogs? The different foods classed as safe for African Pygmy hedgehogs include certain vegetables, fruits, lean cooked meats (cooked without seasoning or oils) and their staple diet of dry cat biscuits.

Can African Pygmy Hedgehogs eat seeds? Seeds can be a choking hazard and could also be a source of high amounts of fat. This makes seeds a bad choice for hedgehogs and it’s best to avoid seeds.

[1]https://www.ewg.org/foodnews/dirty-dozen.php

[2] https://www.ewg.org/foodnews/clean-fifteen.php

Fruit options for pygmy hedgehogs

Bal Kang

Hi I'm Bal together with my daughter Jinnee, we've created this website about African Pygmy Hedgehogs. We've learnt a lot looking after our hedgehog Hynee and share our knowledge, tips and tricks.

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